Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, the US state of Alaska across the Bering Strait and Canada's Arctic islands. At 17,075,400 square kilometers (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the world's ninth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012. Extending across the entirety of northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans nine time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms.

  •  Full name: Russian Federation

  •  Population: 143,800,000

  •  Capital: Moscow

  •  Largest city: Moscow

  •  Area: 17,098,242 (Crimea not included) km, 6,592,800 sq mi

Other Cities:

Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara
In general, the climate of Russia can be described as highly continental influenced climate with warm to hot dry summers and (very) cold winters with temperatures of -30°C and lower and sometimes heavy snowfall. The climate of Russia is formed under the influence of several determining factors. The enormous size of the country and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the continental, which is prevalent in European and Asian Russia except for the tundra and the extreme southeast. Mountains in the south obstructing the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean and the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences.
Russia is multinational. We have regions where people of different races, cultures, traditions and religions have lived since time immemorial. However when different cultures congregate in the same place it often tends to become unpleasant. It didn't use to be like that in Soviet Union (but it would take a very long analysis to explain why), but it is so now. I think it's better if people of the same background live among their own people... that's how countries and cultures came to be - people in the same area created their common tradition which no one but themselves can really understand or value properly

Russia is the largest country in the world, covering over six million miles of land. Russia covers all of northern Asia and spans nine different time zones. So why study in Russia? Studying in Russia is a popular choice for international students with a wide variety of interests, be they literature, art, history, or Russian language studies. International students in Russia will receive a high quality education in a culturally diverse environment. The population of Russia is made up of over 160 different ethnic groups speaking more than 100 different languages. The official language of the country is Russia, which the majority of the population speaks, but other popular languages include Tatar and Ukrainian. Students wondering why study in Russia is drawn to the culturally rich environment created by the incredibly diverse population of Russia.
Studying in Russia allows for students to study a wide variety of interesting subjects. Russia is a perfect destination for students interested in the arts, as Russia is historically known for its excellence in literature, ballet, painting, and classical music. International students in Russia studying literature will have the opportunity to study some of the world’s most famous writers such as Alexander Pushkin, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Anton Chekhov, and Leo Tolstoy in these authors’ home country. Students wondering why study in Russia may also be drawn to the country’s music and dance world. Students studying in Russia will have many opportunities to experience and appreciate the works of some of the most famous composers of classical music in the world, such as Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, and Stravinsky. Additionally, the Bolshoi Ballet still performs many works both classical and contemporary, some of which were performed by such renowned Russian dancers as Rudolf Nureyev and Mikhail Baryshnikov. Another popular area of study for international students in Russia is Russian language studies, as Russia is the only destination in the world for total language immersion. Studying in Russia is the perfect opportunity for students interested in learning Russian, particularly those whose home institutions do not offer courses in the language. History students studying in Russia will find that there are few better places for studying their subject. Russia is home to the Red Square in Moscow, as well as the nearby Kremlin, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Some of the most famous - not to mention infamous - historical figures have called Russia home. Russia is rich with cultural history and perfect for students interested in studying history. Russia possesses one of the best mass-education systems in the world, and has a long-standing tradition of high-quality education for all citizens. Russia’s education system produces a 98% literacy rate, exceeding that of most Western European countries. Russia’s top universities are located in Moscow and St. Petersburg, with Moscow State University and Saint Petersburg being the most well-known. The top universities in Russia have extremely competitive entry requirements, and hold special entry exams each year. One of the biggest draws for international students studying in Russia is the price of tuition. Tuition is Russia is extremely inexpensive, especially in comparison with the quality of education which it buys. Typically, tuition can range from $2,000 to $8,000 a year, with added costs such as room and board and books ranging from $1,500 to $5,000 a year, depending on location.
Russia has a market economy with enormous natural resources, particularly oil and natural gas. It has the 9th largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and the 6th largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). Since the turn of the 21st century, higher domestic consumption and greater political stability have bolstered economic growth in Russia. The country ended 2008 with its ninth straight year of growth, averaging 7% annually between 2000 and 2008. Real GDP per capita, PPP (current international) was 19,840 in 2010. Growth was primarily driven by non-traded services and goods for the domestic market, as opposed to oil or mineral extraction and exports. The average nominal salary in Russia was $967 per month in early 2013, up from $80 in 2000. In March 2014 the average nominal monthly wages reached 30,000 RUR (or US$980), while tax on the income of individuals is payable at the rate of 13% on most incomes. Approximately 12.8% of Russians lived below the national poverty line in 2011
Work rights during studies:
Foreign students form an important constituent of Russian education sustainability and therefore the government is trying to facilitate students’ life in Russia in every way by providing them with an opportunity to get legal employment, revising the curricula, introducing distance entrance exams, building new hostels, developing on-campus facilities and infrastructure. Legal work permit will allow foreign students to find a part-time job and earn their everyday living, cover the food and transportation expenses or even allow them to pay hostel fees.  
Some Important points:
·         to get better job it is important to know Russian language;
·         university does not help students to find job;
·         students can find job on and ;
·         average wage in Moscow USD 4-6 per hour (for students);
·         Average wage in regional cities little bit lower than in Moscow.
Work rights for your spouse:
Show a proof – return tickets, for example. Their migration card will then be stamped with a specific departure date – according to this information! Even if the visa is good for a full 30 days, for example, but the migration card was issued for only 25 days, that person will need to leave Russia IN 25 DAYS or before the date on his or her migration card.
  1. The government will issue an annual quota for foreign workforce. The number is not defined clearly (530,000 for the year 2003), it will be formed depending on the local employers' requests. 
  2.  To be able to legally work in Russian Federation, a foreign citizen needs a work permit, which should be obtained by his employer at the RF immigration officials
  3.  All employers, who need to hire a foreign citizen, now need to get permission to employ foreign citizens (without exception).
( tin;mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;color:windowtext; background:white;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>gross domestic product that fell sharply for the first 10 years of its independence from the Soviet Union, then experienced rapid growth from 2000 until 2008. Formerly a major component of the economy of the Soviet Union, the country's economy experienced a deep recession during the 1990s, including hyperinflation and a drastic fall in economic output. In 1999, at the lowest point of the economic crisis, Ukraine's per capita GDP was less than half of the per capita GDP it achieved before independence. GDP growth was first registered in 2000, and continued for eight years.
Work rights during studies:
International students can work while studying in Ukraine, there are no restrictions of any kind. Everything will depend on you, if you can both study (have good grades) and still find some time to work (may be at evening/night time, etc.), it is possible.Of course the faster you learn the language, make friends, the higher are the chances to find a job. Also, if it is a university with a lot of foreign students, they probably can help you to find a job too or at least give you good advice.
Work rights for your spouse:
The Ukrainian government began to strictly regulate the stay of foreigners, especially those hired by local companies, back in 2009. Prior to that date, many foreigners simply ignored the local registration and customs rules with impunity. However, the Ukrainian “immigration revolution” began with the government’s strict application of the rules for applying for and receiving temporary residency status in Ukraine