Spain is asovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest byPortugal and the Atlantic Ocean. Along with France and Morocco, it is one of only three countries to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. Spain's 1,214 km (754 mi) border with Portugal is the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union.



  • Full name: Spain

  • Population: 42.27 million (2012)

  • Capital: Madrid

  • Largest city: Madrid

  • Area: 505,992 km²

Other Cities:

Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Argon, Murcia


There are three different climate zones in Spain, due to its large size. Visitors can generally expect a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. The vast central plateau, or Meseta, has a more continental influenced climate with hot, dry summers and cold winters.

Different cultures have been combined in the Iberian Peninsula as far back as the times of the Neanderthals. Neanderthals lived all over Europe more than fifty thousand years ago before going extinct, around the time when modern humans reached Europe from Africa. Many archaeologists believe that the last Neanderthals lived in the Iberian Peninsula. This means that there was definite cultural contact between modern humans and Neanderthals in Spain. As it turned out, modern humans drove the Neanderthals away.    


English, Spanish


Spain is a constitutional monarchy governed under the constitution of 1978. The hereditary monarch, who is the head of state, may ratify laws, dissolve the legislature, and propose candidates for the office of prime minister; he is also head of the armed forces. The prime minister (president) is the head of government. The king proposes the prime minister, who must be approved by the legislature. Spain has a bicameral legislature, the Cortes (Las Cortes Generales), or National Assembly. Members of the 350-seat Congress of Deputies are elected by popular vote. Of the 259 members of the Senate, 208 are directly elected, while 51 are appointed by regional legislatures. All legislators serve four-year terms. Administratively, the country is divided into 17 regions (autonomous communities) and 2 autonomous cities (Ceuta and Melilla). Each of the autonomous communities has its own parliament and regional government.
The system of government in Spain takes the form of a parliamentary monarchy. The Constitution was signed by the King of Spain and thus proclaimed on December 27, 1978. Articles 1(1) and 1(2) of the Spanish Constitution (herein after referred to as "SC") define it as a democratic and social State of law whose sovereignty belongs to the people. The King is the Head of State and exercises the power conferred to him by Art 56(1) of the SC and other laws. Central State power is divided between the legislative, executive and the judiciary. The SC defines Spain as a unitary and indissoluble State, however, at the same time, by way of Article 2; the principle of autonomy of nationalities and regions is recognized and guaranteed – reflected in the fact that Spain is divided into 17 Autonomous Communities, each with its own Parliament and Government. Therefore, pursuant Article 137 of the SC, Spain has three different levels of Government – Central, Autonomous Community and Municipal (Government).


One of the biggest reasons students choose to study abroad is the opportunity to learn another language, and in this regard, you can’t beat Spain. With the national dialect the second most spoken language in the world, it’s certainly a good one to master and an ability to do so will likely enhance your CV significantly.

Spain is the most popular destination for students on the Erasmus exchange programmed, which allows them to spend a year away from their home university in a foreign country. The country has many highly regarded institutions, with the Universidad Autònoma de Barcelona the highest rated in the 2013–14 QS World University Rankings at 177th. Universidad de Barcelona follows at 178th, with the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid at 195th.Spain has 76 universities, with about two-third of these state-funded while the remainder are private institutions.While the majority of courses in Spanish universities are taught in Spanish, there are also a number of courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate level in English.
Like the UK, Spain's academic year begins in October, ends in June and is split into three terms, divided by holidays over Christmas and at the end of March. Exams usually take place in February and June. Also similar to the UK, are the types of degree you can study for:
Teaching methods in Spanish universities consist mainly of lectures of around 50 - 60 minutes in length, using audiovisual materials and seminars. Depending on the course, some may even offer practical work under the supervision of a tutor. While lecture attendance in Spain isn't compulsory, it's strongly recommended.
Classes are assessed through exams in February and June and any necessary resist are available to take in September. However, not all modules are marked through written exams; some will set projects or other evaluative activities throughout the year which contribute to the final mark.

Long a largely agricultural country, Spain produces large crops of wheat, barley, vegetables, tomatoes, olives, sugar beets, citrus fruit, grapes, and cork. Spain is the world's largest producer of olive oil and Europe's largest producer of lemons, oranges, and strawberries. The best-known wine regions are those of Rioja, in the upper Ebro valley, and of Malaga and Jerez de la Front era, in Andalusia. Cattle, pigs, and poultry are raised. Agriculture is handicapped in many places by lack of mechanization, by insufficient irrigation, and by soil exhaustion and erosion.
The major industries produce textiles and apparel, foods and beverages, metals and metal products, chemicals, ships, automobiles, machine tools, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, and medical equipment. Industries are concentrated chiefly in the Madrid region; in Valladolid; in Catalonia, which has large textile, automotive parts, and electronics manufactures; in Valencia; and in Asturias and the Basque Country, where the rich mineral resources of the Cantabrian Mts. (iron, coal, and zinc) are exploited. Copper is mined extensively at Río Tinto; other mineral resources include lead, uranium, silver, tin, and mercury. Petroleum is found near Burgos. Fishing, notably for sardines, tuna, cod, and anchovies, is an important source of livelihood, especially on the Atlantic coast, and fish canning is a major industry. Tourism is Spain's greatest source of income.
Most Spanish railroads, unlike those of the rest of Western Europe, use broad-gauged tracks, although some regional systems consist of narrow-gauge railways. In 1992 a high-speed standard-gauge railway connecting Madrid and Seville began operation.
Spain has made great economic progress in recent decades, but it still lags behind most of Western Europe. Though industry has grown considerably since the 1950s, the country still has a large trade imbalance. Spain's greatest trade is with France, Germany, Italy, and Great Britain. Among the leading exports are machinery; motor vehicles; fruit, wine, and other food products; and pharmaceuticals. Major imports include machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, and medical instruments.

Work rights during studies:
Studying in Spain and managing you living expenses as well as your tuition fees can be a tough task for most people. International students take up part time jobs during their course in Spain to meet some of their living expenses. Part time jobs do not pay enough to cover up the entire tuition fees for an academic year; however, some of the basic living expenses can be met with the help of these jobs. For International students, this is a great opportunity to learn a few basics in the employment world as well. There are many part time jobs in Spain that international students can take up during their course. Being fluent in Spanish offers you a greater chance of landing a job.
Work rights for your spouse:
In most cases, as long as you can support your family members financially, your spouse (husband or wife) and children should be allowed to join you when you come to Italy to work, although they may need a visa. Holders of a permit of stay for research purposes or of a student permit of stay can apply for an "entry clearance" (Nulla Osta) for family reunion. The permit of stay of family members will have the same duration of the applicant’s. Family members allowed to family reunion are:
 Spouse not legally separated, 18 years old or older;
 children younger than 18;

 Dependent children of age;
dependent parents of the applicant for family reunion, if the applicant is the only offspring of his/her parents.