Macedonia officially the Republic of Macedonia (Република Македонија, transliterated: Republican Macedonia is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993, but, as a result of an ongoing dispute with Greece over use of the name Macedonia, it was admitted under the provisional reference of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 


  • Full name: Republic of Macedonia            

  • Population: 20, 58,539                

  • Capital: Skopje 

  • Largest city: Skopje

  • Area: 25,713 km

Other Cities:  

Skopje, Bitola, kumanovo, prilep, tetovo
Macedonia has a transitional climate from Mediterranean to continental. The summers are hot and dry, and the winters are moderately cold. Average annual precipitation varies from 1,700 mm (66.9 in) in the western mountainous area to 500 mm (19.7 in) in the eastern area. There are three main climatic zones in the country: temperate Mediterranean, mountainous, and mildly continental. Along the valleys of the Vardar and Strumica rivers, in the regions of Gevgelija, Valandovo,Dojran, Strumica, and Radoviš, the climate is temperate Mediterranean.
Similarly as most of the countries in the Balkan, which two decades ago became independent from former Yugoslavia, Macedonia is also a country with ethnically and culturally heterogeneous population. According to the last census of the population from 2002, in R. Macedonia live 1 297 981 Macedonians, 509 083 Albanians, 77
959 Turks, 53 869 Roma, 35 939 Serbs, 17 018 Bosnians, 9695 Vlachs and 20 993 citizens – members of smaller ethnic groups. Having into consideration the tragic experiences in the immediate neighborhood, Republic of
Macedonia attempted, and it seemed to succeed, to regulate the interethnic relationships in a satisfactory manner for the members of the ethnic groups who live in the country.1 the attempts for institutional regulation of the
Relationships had different success in different period. These moved in the range of assessments for Macedonia as
The only country from former Yugoslavia, which avoided military conflict, until the interethnic conflict in 2001
And an attempt for reconciliation and rebuilding a satisfactory model of interethnic relationship.
Higher education is provided by colleges and pedagogical academies offering two-year courses, as well as by two universities which offer four to six-year courses in a range of disciplines. Upon successful completion of higher education courses at university faculties/institutes, students are awarded a Diploma with professional title e.g. Engineer, Lawyer, Teacher, at the lower (college) level; Graduate Engineer, Graduate Lawyer, Graduate Teacher at the higher (faculty/institute) level. The duration of studies leading to higher level diplomas depends on the type of faculty. The financing mechanisms of higher education are under revision. The Law on Higher Education of 1997 stipulates that five-year programmers will be introduced in universities and higher education institutions. Reforms have begun to bring Macedonian higher education in line with Western European and international standards. In compliance with the Law on Higher Education 2000 the language of instruction in the state pedagogical institutions for primary school teachers and teachers for secondary schools may be the minority languages. In that case, Macedonian will be taught as a separate subject and teaching will be carried out in Macedonian for at least another two teaching subjects.
The higher levels of education can be obtained at one of the five state universities: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, St. Clement of Ohrid University of Bitola, Goce Delčev University of Štip, State University of Tetovo and University for Information Science and Technology "St. Paul The Apostle" in Ohrid. There are a number of private university institutions, such as the European University,  Slavic University in Sveti Nikole, the University and others.
The United States Agency for International Development has underwritten a project called "Macedonia Connects" which has made Macedonia the first all-broadband wireless country in the world. The Ministry of Education and Sciences reports that 461 schools (primary and secondary) are now connected to the internet. In addition, an Internet Service Provider ( has created a MESH Network to provide WIFI services in the 11 largest cities/towns in the country.
The Constitution mandates free and compulsory primary and secondary education in the Republic of Macedonia, and the Law on Primary Education specifies that all children from 7 to 15 years of age attend school for a compulsory 8 years. The Law on High School Education specifies that all adolescents from the ages of 15 - 19 must attend high school for 4 years (or 3 years - depending on the type of school) in 1996, the gross primary enrollment rate was 99.1 percent and the net primary enrollment rate was 95.3 percent.[2] Dropout rates for girls in primary and secondary school are high, particularly among ethnic Roma or Albanian children
Ranked as the fourth 'best reformatory state' out of 178 countries ranked by the World Bank in 2009, Macedonia has undergone considerable economic reform since independence.[94] The country has developed an open economy with trade accounting for more than 90% of GDP in recent years. Since 1996, Macedonia has witnessed steady, though slow, economic growth with GDP growing by 3.1% in 2005. This figure was projected to rise to an average of 5.2% in the 2006–2010 periods.[95] The government has proven successful in its efforts to combat inflation, with an inflation rate of only 3% in 2006 and 2% in 2007
Work rights during studies:
Work: It is possible in certain limited circumstances for the holder of an F-1 visa to obtain permission to work in the United States. Holders of M-1 visas may only engage in employment if it is a required part of their practical training and the employment has been approved in advance by the office of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. The spouse and/or children of the holder of an F-1 or M-1 visa may not work on derivative F-2 and M-2 visas; they may, however, study at an academic institution.
   Work rights for your spouse:

 Students who want to study a graduate program in mecedonia will need to apply for a student visa well in advance of arrival. It will take a minimum of ten days to process your visa application as an international student; you will be unable to work in Oman during your studies as per the terms of your visa.