STUDY IN HONGKONG
Hong Kong officially known as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a region on the southern coast of China geographically enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea. Hong Kong is known for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbor, and with a land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of over seven million people, is one of the most densely in the world. Hong Kong's population is 93.6% ethnic Chinese and 6.4% from other groups. Hong Kong's Cantonese-speaking majority originate mainly from the neighboring Guangdong province, from which many of them fled to escape wars and communist rule in mainland China from the 1930s to 1960s
Full name: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Largest city: Panyu
Area: 1,104 km2
Hong Kong, Kowloon, Tsuen Wan, Yuen Long kau Hui, Tai pio
Hong Kong has four seasons: a cool and dry winter, unstable and wet spring, hot and humid summer, and warm and pleasant autumn. Hong Kong is affected by both cool northeast monsoons and warm maritime airstreams. Most of the rainfall occurs from May to September, which is the rainy season. Winter starts sunny in November and becomes cloudier towards February. In the winter, the weather is generally cool, with temperatures hovering between 15-19 °C. However, northeast winter monsoons bring frequent cold spells, which can cause the temperature to dip below 10 degrees in urban areas, despite Hong Kong's coastal location just below the Tropic of Cancer. The lowest temperature ever recorded was 0.0 °C in 1893, and subzero temperatures have been recorded in the northern New Territories and on high ground. Conversely, warm maritime airstreams also commonly raise the temperature above 20 °C. Temperatures as high as 28 °C have been recorded in February. The coldest months (December and January) is cool with temperatures ranging from about 14-18 degrees?
HK is a multicultural place - there a people from all over the world - many ethnicities -
There is a large Indian population for whom HK is a permanent home, as with Nepalese, Pakistanis, Sri Lankans, Philippine’s (not just DH), mainland Chinese, Africans from many nations, Americans, Australians, Italians, Finnish, German, Ukrainian, Jewish, Malaysians, Vietnamese, Scottish, English, Welsh, Irish, Japanese, Danish, I think HK has an extremely good tolerance of all these nationalities living here. I suppose it would depend where you live how assimilated you are. If you live in the midlevels then usually you don't get to mix with the locals or other races - but in Kowloon or down the hill a bit you certainly do - it only helps to enrich ones life. There are many people who come for 2-3 years and there are many who stay for many more. The current percentage is 5% of 'other nationalities" - but does that include Chinese born somewhere else who have come to HK to earn a living. Part of the distinction of HK and UK is that HK have very tight immigration laws - you can only come to HK as a foreigner (from any country) for a job that needs to be proven that a local could not have done the same job. Their immigration laws are quite strict and this is why the percentage is not over 10%, but as more and more children of expats (from any nation) grow up in HK they will stay, and this will lead to more of a melting pot society.
Hong Kong education was closely modeled on the system that was found in the UK. This is hardly surprising since Hong Kong was administered by Britain from 1841 to 1997, when the former UK colony was handed back to China. However, since 1997, the education system taught in local schools has undergone a series of changes. While some of these changes have reflected different language of instruction policies, there have also been changes to the senior secondary curriculum. The new model, brought in at the beginning of the 2009/10 academic year, is now more in line with those found in China and even the USA. The first year of secondary school, known as Form or Secondary One, follows six years of primary education. Forms 1 – 3 have compulsory attendance and in junior secondary, the learning is broader, without students choosing specific study areas. The majority of local secondary schools became Chinese medium of instruction (CMI) after the Handover in 1997. However, since then many have gone back to an English medium of instruction (EMI). In 2013, 112 out of 400 secondary schools are EMI. Tertiary education is important in Hong Kong. There are eight universities and several other tertiary institutions without university status. All the tertiary institutions offer a range of programmers including undergraduate and post-graduate degrees, as well as Associate degrees and Higher Diplomas
Hong Kong's education system used to roughly follow the system in England, although international systems exist. The government maintains a policy of "mother tongue instruction" (Chinese:) in which the medium of instruction is Cantonese, with written Chinese and English, while some of the schools are using English as the teaching language. In secondary schools, 'biliterate and trilingual' proficiency is emphasized, and Mandarin-language education has been increasing. The Programme for International Student Assessment ranked Hong Kong's education system as the second best in the world. Hong Kong's public schools are operated by the Education Bureau. The system features a non-compulsory three-year kindergarten, followed by a compulsory six-year primary education, a compulsory three-year junior secondary education, a non-compulsory two-year senior secondary education leading to the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examinations and a two-year matriculation course leading to the Hong Kong Advanced Level Examinations. The New Senior Secondary academic structure and curriculum was implemented in September 2009, which provides for all students to receive three years of compulsory junior and three years of compulsory senior secondary education. Under the new curriculum, there is only one public examination, namely the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education. Most comprehensive schools in Hong Kong fall under three categories: the rarer public schools; the more common subsidized schools, including government aids-and-grant schools; and private schools, often run by Christian organizations and having admissions based on academic merit rather than on financial resources. Outside this system are the schools under the Direct Subsidy Scheme and private international schools. There are eight public and one private university in Hong Kong, the oldest being the University of Hong Kong (HKU), established in 1910–1912. The Chinese University of Hong Kong was founded in 1963 to fulfill the need for a university with a medium of instruction of Chinese.
The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh largest in the world, with a market capitalization of US$2.3 trillion as of December 2009. In that year, Hong Kong raised 22 percent of worldwide initial public offering (IPO) capital, making it the largest centre of IPOs in the world and the easiest place to raise capital. The Hong Kong dollar has been pegged to the US dollar since 1983. The Hong Kong Government has traditionally played a mostly passive role in the economy, with little by way of industrial policy and almost no import or export controls. Market forces and the private sector were allowed to determine practical development. Under the official policy of "positive non-interventionism", Hong Kong is often cited as an example of laissez-faire capitalism. Following the Second World War, Hong Kong industrialized rapidly as a manufacturing centre driven by exports, and then underwent a rapid transition to a service-based economy in the 1980s. Since then, it has grown to become a leading centre for management, financial, IT, business consultation and professional services.
Work rights during studies:
If you obtained your degree or higher qualification outside of Hong Kong, you may be eligible to immigrate to Hong Kong under the General Employment Policy (GEP). The GEP does not apply to residents of Mainland China. Hong Kong is an excellent destination if you wish to live and work in another country. If you possess the right combination of qualifications and professional experience, you may be eligible for a work visa
- If you were educated in Hong Kong as a full-time student and have since graduated, you may be eligible to extend your stay or return to Hong Kong under the Immigration Arrangements for Non-local Graduates (IANG).
- Chinese residents of the Mainland who have not been educated in Hong Kong and possess desirable knowledge, skills and/or experience may come to Hong Kong under the Admission Scheme for Mainland Talents and Professionals (ASMTP).
Work rights for your spouse:
Aliens can apply for Permanent Residence for Spouse Reunion if they meet the following conditions:
1. Spouses of Hong Kong citizens or of aliens having obtained permanent residence in PRC;
2. Marriage has lasted for five years;
3. have lived in PRC for five years in a row, the annual stay in PRC being no shorter than nine months;
4. have stable and secured living status and place to live;