STUDY IN CHINA
Officially the People's Republic of China (PRC) is a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.35 billion. The PRC is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). The PRC also claims the territories governed by Taiwan, a separate political entity officially known as the Republic of China (ROC), as its 23rd province, a claim which is controversial due to the complex political status of Taiwan.
Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world's second-largest country by land area, and either the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement
Full name: People's Republic of China
Population: 1,350,695,000 (2012)
Largest city: Shanghai
Area: 9,596,961 km
Beijing ,Shanghai ,Hong Kong , Guangzhou ,Taipei, Macau ,Lhasa
In China, a vast land spanning many degrees of latitude with complicated terrain, climate varies radically. China has a variety of temperature and rainfall zones, including continental monsoon areas. In winter most areas become cold and dry, in summer hot and rainy.
The People's Republic of China promotes itself as a harmonious, stable multicultural mosaic, with 56 distinct ethnic groups striving for common prosperity. It's an image we remember well from the Beijing Olympics.But beneath the rhetoric, there is inter-ethnic discord and hostility, with Lhasa, Ürümqi, Shaoguan and other cities witnessing horrific scenes of violence over the last couple of years.
Chinese educational system is divided into four parts, namely, basic education, secondary vocational and technical education, higher education and adult education.
Basic education composes preschool education, elementary and secondary education. The schooling of elementary education (primary school) in China is six years. Secondary education which consists of junior and senior middle school usually lasts three years. Moreover, some schools provide integrated curriculum of nine years which combines primary education and junior middle school.
Higher education is the education of high level for fostering junior college students, undergraduates and postgraduates. The schooling of junior colleges is two to three years, and that of universities is generally four years, except medical courses which need five years for graduation. Moreover, some engineering institutes require 5 years for students’ graduation. Postgraduates usually need two to three years to accomplish their study, and doctoral candidates need another 3 years. The number of international students studying in China has been mounting by approximately 20% annually since the reform and opening period began. In 2010, the number of international students studying in China reached 260,000 for the first time. Moreover, they came from a more diversified range of countries and regions and studied in a more diversified number of hosting institutions, and more of them receive Chinese government scholarship than in any other year since the founding of the People’s Republic of China.
China has one of the world's largest (in terms of numbers of students) educational systems: a total of approximately 289,859,000 students were enrolled in 1998. Sixty-seven percent of the students were in primary and junior secondary schools, grades one through nine (China Statistical Yearbook). (Unfortunately though, statistics issued by the Chinese government should be used with caution; they best represent trends or the general picture.) These nine grades constitute China's formal basic education. Compulsory education has been very successful at the primary level (first through sixth grades), but not as impressive at the junior secondary level (seventh through ninth grades).
Although the quality of schools varies widely in China, there are standard textbooks and curricula for all subjects at all levels. The textbooks convey a strong nationalist message in content. Teaching style emphasizes the authority of the teacher and demands great amounts of memorization and recitation.
Higher education is merit-based and extremely competitive in China. The overall enrollment in 1998 was 3,409,000 in the formal higher education sector (China Statistical Yearbook 1999) and 74,967,300 in the nonformal sector (China Statistical Yearbook 1999). On average, formal higher education institutions admit about 50 percent of the graduates of general senior secondary schools (Agelasto & Adamson 1998).
Foreign influences on Chinese education manifested themselves through two main channels: foreign missionary schools and the Western-educated Chinese. Missionary education in China dates back to 1818 when British missionaries opened schools in Malacca for the children of overseas Chinese. Starting in the 1840s, missionary schools came under the protection of a series of "unequal treaties" between the Chinese government and the Western powers. The second half of the nineteenth century witnessed a steady rise in the number of mission schools due to missionaries' growing interests in education and a general advancement of Western powers in China. In many ways, mission schools were a catalyst for the educational reform in modern China. According to statistics, in 2010 altogether 265,090 international students from 194 countries and regions were studying in 620 colleges and universities, research institutions and other education institutions in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in China (not including Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao). Among them, 22,390 were granted Chinese government scholarship, up by 22.72% over the previous year.
Students from other Asian countries accounted for 67.84% of the total, ranking No. 1, followed by Europeans, Americans, Africans, and Oceanians. The top ten origin countries were Republic of Korea, the United States, Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, Russia, Indonesia, India, Kazakhstan and Pakistan. Other countries sending more than 5000 students included France and Mongolia. In terms of student types, 107,432 were studying for academic degrees, accounting for about 40% of the total and 157,658 were pursuing non-degree education, accounting for about 60%.
The socialist market economy of China is the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP and by purchasing after the United States. It is the world's fastest-growing major economy, with growth rates averaging 10% over the past 30 years. China is a global hub for manufacturing, and is both largest manufacturing economy in the world and the largest exporter of goods. China is also the world's fastest growing consumer market and second largest importer of goods. China plays a vital role in international trade, and has increasingly engaged in trade organizations and treaties in recent years. China became a member of the World Trade Organization in 2001, and concluded a trade agreement with the ASEAN nations in 2010. China also has free trade agreements with several nations, including Switzerland and Pakistan. China has also been criticized for unfair trade practices, including artificial currency devaluation, intellectual property theft, protectionism, and local favoritism
Work rights during studies:
As a foreigner in China, English is your most valuable skill. Tutoring and teaching jobs are in high demand here, and starting salary is RMB100 per person per hour (around US$15). Teaching experience is preferred if you are teaching a class, however most individuals just want to practice their spoken English because many Chinese schools emphasize reading and writing over speaking and listening. Offering to be a conversation partner is also a great way to practice your Chinese and make some friends! Employee make around ¥1,000 to ¥1,5000 a month. That ain't squat!
Work rights for your spouse:
Aliens can apply for Permanent Residence for Spouse Reunion if they meet the following conditions:
Spouses of Chinese citizens or of aliens having obtained permanent residence in PRC;
Marriage has lasted for five years;
have lived in PRC for five years in a row, the annual stay in PRC being no shorter than nine months;
have stable and secured living status and place to live;